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Computer Programming Fundamentals You Should Know

Computer Programming Fundamentals You Should Know

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Quick! Can you tell me how to prepare a bowl of cereals with milk? Too simple, right? You can probably give me a series of no-brainer instructions that I can perform in less than a minute. Now try telling a computer to do just that. What began as a simple task has now become complicated. It’s not just a matter of dumping a cup of cereals in a bowl and pouring milk in. With computers, it’s so much more than that. Sounds exciting? It should be. Because that’s what you’ll expect once you begin learning computer programming fundamentals.

The basics
Computer programming is a whole new world of possibilities. Believe it or not, programming actually began in the 1200s, when simple machines were designed to execute simple mechanical tasks. It has grown both as an art and as a science since then, providing us with the technologies that have made many aspects of our lives easier and faster.

Once you start learning computer programming, some of the basic stuff you’ll encounter include:

– The basic understanding of the discipline
You’ll need a good background in the field in order for you to understand how it really works. With a solid foundation built on knowing the basics of computer programming, it will be easier to comprehend its details, including procedures, steps and other instructions.

– Understanding the types of programming
Essentially, there are two basic types of programming, each of which has its own uses and set of advantages and limitations. Procedural programming, while older, is quite useful particularly because it is a much simpler way to tell a computer what to do. It is also the heart and soul of many computer languages. Basically, it’s an input-output operation, where a user or programmer inputs a set of instructions and a computer reacts to it by executing those instructions. Learning procedural programming helps new programmers understand elements such as sequence, selection and iteration.

The other type of programming is object-oriented, which is relatively newer. This type of programming treats instructions as a set of objects, something that is more convenient in many of the programs that are in use today. With object-oriented programming, you’ll learn an object’s properties, event handlers and methods.

You’ll learn both types of programming as part of a fundamental or basic course. These will help you understand how to design codes that are easy for a computer to understand and effective enough to execute. Using the cereal and milk analogy, for example, you will be able to write a code that will tell a computer how to pour the right amount of cereal into a bowl and how much milk to use, in that order. And if you’re truly good, you can even tell the computer what specific type of cereal and milk to use.

– Understanding the nature of the code
Another important basic knowledge you must learn in programming is understanding codes. While their functions are generally the same – that is, to power a computer program – codes differ in design and use depending on the language. Codes are at the heart of a computer program and will be one of the basics you will learn in programming.

– Learning problem-solving
Much of your time as a first-time computer programmer will be spent poring over problems – how to create a source code for a desired end result, how to fix a bug, how to solve a glitch, how to put things together or in sequence so they work. You’ll learn how to look at a problem, break it down to its solvable components and come up with ways to solve it.

– Thinking logically.
If you’re not a fan of mathematics and logic, you’ll be dismayed to know that many of the computer programming fundamentals you’ll be learning will require you to think in numbers, figures and sequences. However, these basics are easy to learn, provided you have the patience to follow the right steps. Once you’ve trained your mind to think like this, you’re well on your way to a great career as a computer programmer.

What You Should Know About Learning Computer Programming

What You Should Know About Learning Computer Programming

So you want to learn computer programming. You’ve made a good choice. Computer programming is a very exciting field of study. In fact, it has experienced some impressive growth over the past 10 years and shows no sign of stopping. It is one of the few disciplines that experts say will survive for the next couple of centuries. It’s dynamic, very challenging and quite rewarding either as a job or as a personal pursuit. If learning computer programming is your goal this year, here are some things you might want to know about this field:

Computer programming wears a lot of hats.
The word programming is sometimes alternated with coding. Quite simply, it is a job that requires writing the source code used by computer programs. To become a computer programmer, you must learn the techniques on how to write this code. Since computer programs vary in design and function, so will the manner with which their source codes are written.

This is why computer programming cannot be used to refer to a single computer language. It is, in fact, a term that refers to many different computer languages. If you want to learn computer programming, take a pick among languages such as COBOL (old but still reliable), FORTRAN (still used in many engineering applications), Java, HTML/XML, Visual Basic, C/C++, PHP, Perl and Python, among others.

What you’ll be learning
It would help if you have a basic knowledge of computer operation just before you come in for classes. However, there are many introductory courses on computer programming where students are not required to have a background in computers. The only drawback is that you’ll start from step 1, literally. Try to familiarize yourself with computers first before taking a beginner class in computer programming.

Your first courses in programming school will usually consist of an overview of the computer programming industry – its history, pioneers, groundbreaking developments, etc. You will then be introduced to the fundamentals of the discipline, including its theories, definitions and basic concepts. This is done to ensure that you have a good foundation in the language you will be specializing in.

Once that’s done, your instructor will begin teaching you programming itself, such as how to write commands and queries. Your ultimate goal as a computer programmer is mainly to write a series of very detailed instructions using a language that a computer can understand and execute. During the course of your learning, this is exactly what your instructor will teach you.

Where to learn
You shouldn’t have any problems locating a school that teaches computer programming. You will probably find a good one in your area. Depending on the type of course you enroll in, classes will usually meet at least once a week (some meet 4 times a week) and last from 45 minutes to an hour. If you prefer, you can also learn online, provided you’re a self-starter and has the patience and will to follow through.

Personal characteristics for learning computer programming
It is said that you learn best if you take your temperament and personality into consideration. When you want to dabble or become an expert in computer programming, it’s no different. There are certain characteristics that successful computer programmers exhibit. For one, learning computer programming entails plenty of mathematics and logic, which means you will need to have a good amount of self-discipline and patience during class and especially during practical applications. You’ll also have to be creative and imaginative, so you can approach a problem in more ways than one.

What You Need to Know About a Computer Programming Course

What You Need to Know About a Computer Programming Course

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Computer programming may seem like a highly complicated discipline but at its roots, every program actually begins as a simple set of instructions. Computer programming is essentially the design of a simple program in order to create a more complicated program. It is currently one of the most sought-after courses and is also a career that presents plenty of opportunities in a very exciting field. If you’re curious about what taking a computer programming course will be like, here are some important information you can use.

The course
Computer programming is one of the disciplines under computer science. It requires study and practical application of theories and concepts. Simply put, computer programming is the process of writing and creating a group of instructions that a computer can read and execute.

Computer programming is not a single, one-size-fits-all discipline. For one, the task of programming (or coding) involves several computer languages. These languages have different uses and as such, will often require a different set of instructions. JavaScript, for example, may be a computer language but it is not the same as HTML or COBOL or Visual Basic. There are also certain sub-disciplines in computer programming that lead to a specific field of specialization. Students must determine which field of computer programming they want to focus on. If they want to work for companies that create video games, for example, they will have to choose courses that teach graphics and animation, among others.

In the course of study in computer programming, a programmer must be able to learn multiple concepts and theories on top of the technical stuff, such as computer language conventions, elements and important operators used to create a source code that will later produce a computer program.

Computer programming is an essential phase in the development of software and is an integral part of software engineering.

How learning is obtained
There are two major ways computer programming can be learned – through classroom type instruction or online, as part of a distance learning program. Classroom type instruction is still the most common way of attending classes for students but online classes are fast becoming the method of choice.

What to expect from the course
A computer programming course is usually composed of lectures and hands-on assignments. The instructor uses lectures to teach theories and concepts in programming and to provide students with an introduction to the discipline. Generally, students will be listening to lectures while using computers, a way for instructors to allow participants to immediately apply what they have learned.

Other than access to a computer, students may also be required to obtain textbooks to be used as references during coursework. Some lessons, such as those used in online classes, may also be downloaded from a website.

Who should take the course
Computer programming is not for everyone. Just because you love computers and have sufficient curiosity about how they work doesn’t always make you the ideal candidate for this course. Computer programming requires a lot of patience, attention to detail, creativity, logic and common sense. It also requires careful study and understanding of certain subjects such as mathematical and engineering concepts.

What to expect upon completion of the course
Once a course has been completed, a computer programmer is ready to be hired for entry-level jobs in companies that design software. If the programmer chooses a higher level of study, he can also increase the chances of being hired for higher pay, particularly if he chooses a field of specialization. A computer programming course can provide a graduate access to different fields as well, including banking, finance, research & development and database administration.

On the Way to Learning Computer Programming In Nano

On the Way to Learning Computer Programming In Nano

Today’s digital technology gives birth to a host of programming languages. And there are several programming languages being used in different applications such as the web, Windows, Apple, and Unix. And right now, computer programming in Nano is one of the newest developments.

It was believed that a Nano mechanical computer could run a million times faster than a microprocessor-based computer. This is because that one out of the million components of a computer is made of mechanical space. Therefore, if a programming language is patterned on the mechanical space a computer has, it will follow that the computer will work faster.

But then again, engineers would have to create an entirely new line of computer systems. Computers that are more energy efficient and consumers lesser space is the ones that would work well with a Nano computer language.

However, the Nano computer language is believed to work well with the present day computers systems as well. The primary use of this programming language is on graphics. With the Nano-X graphics system you could create much fancier graphical programs. To make it work, you have to specifically create the program with the Windows, Unix, or Macintosh interface in mind.

The Nano computer language primarily came from the nano technology. Nano technology refers from the fields of applied science that control matter on its molecular and atomic scale. The technology can be used in materials science, applied physics, and of course, computer programming.

Japan is one of the pioneers of nano technology and nano programming. In fact, they are very active in holding symposiums and conventions on both professional nano technologies and aspiring young scientists. They are constantly looking for new ideas and concepts surrounding the nano technology and the improvements on the nano computer language.

Right now, the interest in learning and improving computer programming in nano is spreading to Asian countries like Vietnam, South Korea, and in Europe, France. The demand for different applications in nano computer programming is increasing, causing increased users and clients base.

The nano program is basically very easy to learn and to apply. Texts can be typed immediately into the interface. It is also quite simple to insert text into the program with the use of some editing configuration. There is also the nano editor software that you can use with the main program base so that saving, cutting, pasting, and searching becomes fairly straightforward.

Currently, there are a lot of instructions software and basic instructional kits for use of those who want to learn computer programming in nano. Since nano is being one of the more popular languages today, this software is being applied in almost all newer applications.

All programming professionals are challenged to learn this new technology. With the basic knowledge you have for computer languages, learning the nano language won’t be much of a trouble. The basic principles of the program resemble the other well-used popular programming languages. The more complex uses and functions of the nano programming language are unique from all others. But that is always a part of learning a whole new programming language.

Learn more about computer programming in nano by searching relevant instructional web sites as well as from different offline sources. The nano programming language is a good language to learn as it is expected to improve over time.

Web-Based Game System using the Java Programming Language: The Reality beyond the Technology

Web-Based Game System using the Java Programming Language: The Reality beyond the Technology

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There are hundreds of web-based game systems available on the Internet.
Flash versions of classic arcade and popular role-playing games are now plying the game screens of your personal computer display. And mind you, these web-based game systems are created and developed by individuals who have devoted some of their time in studying different programming languages to come up with new and better versions of existing web-based game systems.

One of the popular programming languages used in creating and developing web-based game systems is the Java programming language. In fact, it is preferred by most online game developers than the Shockwave and C++ programming languages.

Java is an object-oriented programming language designed by James Gosling together with his colleagues at the Sun Microsystems (a computer-vending company that is famous in developing innovative technologies) in the early 1990s. One of Java’s distinctions on other programming languages is that it is generally designed to be compiled to the conventional machine code or to be interpreted from a so-called source code (series of statements that are written in the form of human-readable computer-based programming language) at runtime. Java is compiled through a byte code and later run by a Java virtual machine.

As previously mentioned, most online game developers prefer Java programming language than Shockwave (preferably due to some of its obsolete features) and C++. You will notice that Java is somewhat related to C++ (Java’s syntax is derived from the C and C++ programming languages) yet it has a simpler object model. In contrast, C++ was considered to have certain complexities and when used bears more errors that cannot be fixed immediately.

Aside from the aforementioned disadvantages of C++ as the main programming language for a web-based game system, it also lacks the capability of programming distribution. James Gosling and his Sun colleagues want to develop a system that could be used on different platforms, that is from personal computer systems to hand-held digital devices.

Java became operational on web-based applications in 1994. Gosling felt that the Internet would become interactive soon, thus it is the environment that will work perfectly for their programming language.

And they have proven it right. Java is one of the popular and well-used platforms not just on web-based game systems but on other Internet-based applications as well.

Suddenly, many online game developers realized the potential of Java programming language with regards to the creation of web-based game systems. Although Shockwave replaced Java as the well-known platform for web-based game systems, Java is still the popular choice among web-based game developers. Java’s popularity increased with the Netscape’s decision of using the programming language with their net browsers.

Yahoo has been credited in terms of producing Java-enabled web-based games. In fact, they have allotted a portion of their website (which is the Yahoo Games) where the players can play Java-enabled games by themselves or with an online opponent. Most of Yahoo-produced games are Java applets, and some can be downloaded direct to your computer. There are reviews about Yahoo games where gamers can post their experiences and thoughts about Java-enabled games. Thus, Yahoo became one of the eminent promoters of web-based game systems that are produced using Java programming language. You name it; Yahoo got it—from sports to card games.

Despite of the popularity of Java as the main programming language for web-based game systems, there are still criticisms that arose. One is that Shockwave possess a 3D engine which is considered to be more powerful than the Java’s two-dimensional engine. Others have complains with regards to the “semi object-oriented programming language”. There are also game developers who found out that Java-enabled game system run slower on programs written using other programming languages.

Although there are complaints revealed concerning the use of Java, it is still the most popular programming language used for the creation and development of web-based game systems. Various innovations integrated with this programming language allow game developers to produce web-based games that are higher in quality and in graphical detail. Thus, with the sufficient knowledge and expertise in Java programming language, you will be able to arrive with a high quality web-based game system.

The Future of Computer Programming

The Future of Computer Programming

When it comes to the world of computer programming, it would be safe to say that the future is bright. And why is that so? Gone are the days when only the rich and powerful have the tools to educate themselves. Nowadays, a single household possesses at least one computer. There are a lot of brilliant minds out there who are constantly on their toes to bring about the latest developments in computer programming.

To make their dream a reality, it is necessary to begin where all computer programmers begin—at grade school. Computer programming is now being introduced to the youngest minds. Educational materials that are targeting languages in programming and also development tools are now being introduced in most schools’ curriculums.

But this is still an ongoing vision. Somewhere in the near future, computer programming (not just computer usage) will be just another ordinary subject such as writing, reading or arithmetic. A study shows that this vision is slowly unfolding as teenagers are responding positively to programming exercises and are even able to control several virtual worlds in just a few days.

Mass computer programming literacy is a work in progress. When even the most simple citizen is able to explain the designs of software with ease, then creativity will abound and so with productivity. But what is computer programming in the future? Is it more on art or engineering? Or both?

One renowned computer architect named Gordon Morrison states that computer programming is recently in a form of art. When this is so, it means that the current knowledge in programming is disorganized and changeable. He proposes further that in changing programming into engineering (which is a more precise form) then the future of programming will become more stable.

Perhaps, one good way to predict the future of programming is by looking at the available jobs for computer programmers these days. Consider these career options: a single system programmer is able to install and maintain mainframe ops systems, management software for databases, and also networks for communications. They can also become compilers or utility programmers.

Another good way to foretell what is in store for computer programming is to look at the television and some science fiction films that are being produced lately. In the past, the TV series called The New Adventures of Wonder Woman showed talking computers and robots which were causes of awe. Today, those are not impossibilities.

The use of hardware has progressed tremendously over the past years and software development is tailing behind. Software processes are still on the if-and-then phase and users are wondering whether this will really change. Although there are predictions that programming languages would soon be on its fifth generation (where the recent languages would become obsolete), still, this visualization still hasn’t pushed through. Which leads others to ask, has software development reached its peak? Will there be no more developments? Is this as far as it could go?

Sure, there are modernizations here and there when it comes to new languages but they remain at a certain phase. It doesn’t go a notch higher. Perhaps, software would be the technological limit that would cap computer programming advancement. But only perhaps.

There are always minds out there that constantly grind to provide the latest in programming innovation. We can only watch and predict for now. And yes, we could only wonder.

A Basic Introduction to Computer Programming Topics

A Basic Introduction to Computer Programming Topics

Download Ebook Advanced Python Programming: The Insider Guide to Advanced Python Programming Systems - Online - By Richard Ozer
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Computer programming is one of the fields under computer science.
While computer science refers to the study of computer applications, computer programming deals with the basics of a computer program – how it works, how it is designed, how it is fixed and why. If you’re planning to learn programming soon, here is an introduction to computer programming topics you’re likely to encounter:

The basics of computer programming
Like most disciplines, you will begin by learning the fundamentals of computer programming. Depending on your instructor or curriculum, you will probably be introduced to the history of programming and its languages and find out about what has occurred over the years through a timeline.

You will also be introduced to the basic concepts and theories of programming and how they have evolved over the years. You’ll be able to see how fast programming has progressed over the centuries and learn the significant developments in this field. You will also encounter topics such as computer hardware, software, systems and language. You will have to learn these basics in order to understand how your field of specialization can contribute. This may seem too troublesome but really, you need to have a good background in the progress of programming to help give you a good grasp of its fundamentals.

Computer software
The result of all your hard work is actually the computer software, so expect this topic to be included in your introductory course. Some of the topics you’ll find under this subject include application software, programming software and system software. During classes dealing with these subjects, you’ll learn how to use programming tools, database management systems, assemblers, debuggers, text and source code editors, and the like.

Finally, you will be introduced to the topic you’ve been raring to learn – programming. Here you’ll learn different types programming processes, styles and methods. You will learn the different types of programming including concurrent, functional, declarative (event-driven), imperative, object-oriented and Parsing.

Probably the next topics you’ll learn are the basic components of every computer program, such as the source code and the API or application programming interface. You’ll also learn how instruction is carried out to command a computer to execute a particular set of directions.

You’ll also learn programming languages, which will introduce you to the kind of language you have chosen to specialize in. Your instructor might also present your class with a simple comparison of the different types of languages in use today and you’ll also probably learn the types of languages that have lost favor or are already obsolete. You’ll learn semantics, dialects and theories.

This is also where you’ll begin learning how to program or write codes. Although your learning at this point will consist of lectures, a good part of your class will be spent working hands-on so you can begin practicing what the instructor has taught you. This is how your progress as a computer programmer will be evaluated.

The process of programming
One of the earliest topics you will encounter when learning computer programming is the process with which codes and computer languages are designed and produced. The process of programming includes several steps, such as:

1. Definition of the problem.
2. Design or plan of the solution.
3. Design of the code to be used for the program.
4. Testing and evaluation of the program.
5. Documentation.

Debugging, testing and maintenance
Probably the final list of topics you’ll learn as your introduction to computer programming is application. In these topics, you’ll learn how to test the program you have written, spot and locate any errors and correct them.

How To Program An Avaya Partner Phone

How To Program An Avaya Partner Phone

It is very easy to program an Avaya Partner phone, but only if you know how. First lets get to the basics. In order to program the phone you have to be at extension 10 or 11. That is where all of the programming must be done. A programming overlay is also placed over the phone to guide you through the programming functions.
A display phone is also needed for programming. Also take note that if you have a 34 button phone in your Avaya Partner phone system then you must use a 34 button phone for programming as an 18 button phone cannot be used to program a 34 button phone.
There are two types of programming in the Avaya Partner phone system: there is System Programming and Centralized Telephone Programming.
When using System Programming all of the phones in the system will be programmed for the feature that is being programmed. When using Centralized Telephone Programming an individual phone itself will only be programmed for that particular feature.
To access System Programming press the Feature button then the “0” button twice on your keypad, then hit your left intercom button twice. To access Centralized Telephone Programming press Feature 0 0, left intercom twice, then right intercom once. To exit programming press Feature 0 0.
Programming the date on the Avaya Partner Phone:
From extension 10 or 11 press Feature 0 0, press left intercom twice (this accesses programming, see above) then press #101. Enter the date in this format MMDDYY. Include zeros for months and days. When you are done press # to type in another code or press Feature 0 0 to exit programming.
Programming the time on the Avaya Partner Phone:
>From extension 10 or 11 press Feature 0 0, press left intercom twice (this accesses programming) then press #103. Enter the time in 24 hour notation using this format HHMM. For example, to make the time 2:15 pm, press 1415. When you are done press # to type in another code or press Feature 0 0 to exit programming.
And that’s basically it when it comes to programming the Avaya Partner phone system. Simply access the programming mode, then type in the 3 digit code(s) for the feature you want to program, then exit programming.
Hey, why pay money for a service call to have someone program your phones when you can easily do it yourself?